What are fibroids?
Developing in the uterus, fibroids are benign tumors made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. Though 70-80% of women will develop them in their lifetime, not everyone will develop symptoms or require treatment. Fibroids grow at different rates; even in the same woman, they can range from pea-size to the size of a football.
What causes fibroids?
The cause is not known, although studies show a probable genetic component. Diet or external exposure can not cause these tumors.
Who is at risk?
Studies have shown that women with a family history of fibroids are more likely to develop them. As women age their likelihood for developing them increases. Obesity may be linked to an increased risk. They are also more common in African American women.
What are the symptoms?
Most women experience no symptoms. However, for some women, they can cause the following symptoms:
- Heavy or prolonged periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Pelvic pain and pressure
- Frequent urination
- Low back pain
- Pain during intercourse
- Difficulty getting pregnant
How are they diagnosed?
Fibroids are usually found during a physical exam. Your doctor may feel a firm, irregular pelvic mass during an abdominal or pelvic exam. Other tests may include transvaginal ultrasound, MRI, Saline Sonohysterogram, or Hysteroscopy.
How are uterine fibroids treated?
Since most fibroids stop growing or shrink as you approach menopause, “watchful waiting” may be the only thing suggested. With this approach, your doctor monitors your symptoms carefully to be sure they do not get worse. If your tumors are large or cause significant symptoms, treatment may be an option.
Treatment will be discussed by Dr. Jehangir; some of our treatment options include:
- Bioidentical Hormone Therapy
- Birth Control
- da Vinci Surgery
- Genetic Testing
- Minimally Invasive Surgery
Request an appointment in Austin, Texas
If you have or think you may have fibroids, our gynecological experts at Lotus can help. To request an appointment, contact Lotus at (512) 716-0971 or use the form below.